Avoid junk, processed foods to remain healthy

EDITOR — To remain healthy and beat hospital traps and dump the doctor’s price cards altogether eat green, avoid junk and processed foods.  Eating the right food can help us avoid certain diseases or recover from them much faster.

There are certain chemical substances in the foods we consume called nutrients classified as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. Essential nutrients include water, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. If the importance of nutrients was judged by how long we can do without them, then water ranks number 1.

The human body is 65 percent water and while water itself has no calorie value, without it we could not digest food or eliminate body waste.  Human nutrition is the study of how food affects the health and survival of the human body. Nutrients are both essential and non-essential, the latter being naturally manufactured by the body itself and do not need to be obtained from food and includes cholesterol (fat-like substance present in animal cells).

What most people refer to as common foods used in lower, upper schools, tertiary, including universities and other communal institutions such as prisons, are starches and sugars which are mainly carbohydrates such as maize, flour, beans, potatoes and the like. Carbohydrates are a key source of human energy. When they are digested, they produce glucose, which is critical in maintaining tissue protein which fuels the central nervous systems.

Unused glucose is absorbed into the blood stream and some of it goes straight to work in the brain and red blood cells. The rest makes its way to the liver and muscles. In addition to starches and sugars, complex carbohydrates contain indigestible dietary fiber that plays a vital role in our hearts and these are found only in plants. Dietary fibre is classified as soluble or insoluble. Soluble fibre is found in such foods as grain (cereals), beans, peas, apples and citrus fruits.

Insoluble fibre is found in vegetables, whole grain products, and bran which provides roughage that speeds up elimination of stool which action decreases the time that the body is exposed to harmful substances and possibly reducing risks of diseases such as colon cancer.

Vitamins and minerals are found in a wide variety of foods, but with varying concentrations. For example, oranges contain plenty of vitamin C and folic acid, but with nothing more. Milk contains plenty of calcium, but no vitamin C, sweet potatoes and carrots are rich in Vitamin A and good in night vision (emphasis for combatants), but Irish potatoes on the contrary provide nearly no night vision.

Although malnutrition is more associated with dietary deficiencies, it also afflicts people with too much of the foods that are low on essential nutrients. Here, one may get abundant amounts of calories each day and yet remain under nourished!!!

An excessive diet may also lead to obesity and eventually diabetes and heart problems. Eating very salty foods or raw salt may cause high blood pressure, where the heart tends to work too hard and strains the arteries and this can also lead to strokes and heart attacks.
Sekuru Utano.

    Post a comment

    Readers are kindly requested to refrain from using abusive, vulgar, racist, tribalistic, sexist, discriminatory and hurtful language when posting their comments on the Daily News website.
    Those who transgress this civilised etiquette will be barred from contributing to our online discussions.
    - Editor

    Your email address will not be shared.