Govts should create employment: Envoy

HARARE - Ethiopia's ambassador to Zimbabwe Mustafe Dek Abdisalam has challenged governments to create jobs for their growing populations.

At the commemorations for International Migrants Day last Thursday, Abdisalam said because of unemployment, many people were becoming illegal migrants in different countries.

Abdisalam’s remarks come as Zimbabwe is grappling with economic challenges and high unemployment rates of more than 80 percent.

The country has also witnessed a wave of human trafficking, with people, especially women, being taken to as far as Saudi Arabia.

“By 2030, Africa will have 600 million youths but with governments not creating jobs to meet the demand, the most productive of the continent’s workforce will be lost to Europe and America,” he said.

The Ethiopian envoy, whose country has been affected by migrations to Europe, added that unemployment has created the erroneous perception of greener pastures overseas while the countries of origin continue to suffer.

The Ethiopian ambassador also said that migrants, mostly youths, spend thousands of dollars paying bribes to get easy passage to their countries of choice.

“Since the beginning of the year, the embassy has managed to return 400 Ethiopians back home but only one has remained at the Harare Remand Prison and is refusing to leave.

“When I interviewed some of them, they had used more than $5 000 to get to Zimbabwe — money which when converted to local currency is enough to start up a small business,” he said.

University of Zimbabwe lecturer Tabeth Mukwembi said irregular migrations are mostly caused by economic hardships and conflict in countries.

Mukwembi said such migrants are most prone to trafficking because they lack proper documents for stay in the countries.

“Irregular migrants are vulnerable to all kinds of exploitation from cheap labour to sex slavery. Then there is also the issue of social migration which has disintegrated families, making them break up,” she said.

The lecturer also pointed out that while migration also causes brain drain, there is also brain gain from those who return to their countries of origin with their expertise.

According to the International Organisation on Migration, one in seven people is a migrant, while more than 4 000 migrants are unaccounted for across the world.

Post a comment

Readers are kindly requested to refrain from using abusive, vulgar, racist, tribalistic, sexist, discriminatory and hurtful language when posting their comments on the Daily News website.
Those who transgress this civilised etiquette will be barred from contributing to our online discussions.
- Editor

Your email address will not be shared.