'Incentives to attract doctors to rural areas'

HARARE - To curb the massive brain drain which has affected the country’s health sector, particularly in rural areas, the Health Professionals Authority (HPA) has proposed availing allowances, incentives and training quotas to health practitioners.

HPA president Adolf Macheka said a number of policy options could be introduced to make rural deployments more attractive.

“The Health Professionals Authority continues to lobby for policy tools and options that deal with the attrition of health professionals prevalent in the country.

“In Zimbabwe, the exodus of health professionals from areas of low socio-economic development to more developed areas can be looked at along two axes of — migration from rural to urban areas and poor appetite by health workers to service underprivileged rural areas. And international migration from lower to high income countries,” Macheka said

The country’s poor health system and shortage of skilled health professionals in hospitals are some of the major contributors of maternal and child mortality.

Among the things proposed by Macheka to improve the deployment of doctors and other health professionals to rural areas include the improving of accommodation facilities, creating employment opportunities for spouses, offering study and reaction leave among other incentives.

“Policy options that can be considered to deploy and retain health professionals in rural areas include: Decentralisation of the location of training institutions; the introduction of recruitment quotas to ensure that rural areas are represented among health students; and making rural field experience during health training compulsory, as exposing and sensitising students to the dynamics of rural practices can develop and foster an interest in working in rural areas,” he said

“Paying a rural allowance; establishing locum relief schemes to permit rural health professionals to take study and recreation leave; providing support and incentives for spouses and families; creating employment opportunities for health professionals’ spouses; and improve accommodation facilities and put in place suitable educational institutions for health professionals’ children.

“Other strategies to improve the location of health professionals in rural settings include continuing health education using distance-learning methods such as information technology; offering generous end-of-service payments; subsidised house owning schemes or allocation of housing stands; car ownership; and preferential post- graduate advancement schemes.”

On the other hand the movement of health professional from low income countries to high income countries has remained an issue on the international arena.

“International migration flow follows a hierarchy of wealth and results in a global conveyor belt of health workers moving from the bottom to the top, further increasing the imbalance of distribution of health workers and exacerbating the health worker to patient ratios,” Macheka said.

Comments (2)

It boggles the mind that in this era, the knee jerk reaction to a problem this big is to offer empty promises of allowances and perks to attract health personnel to poor, and remote communities. I think the first place to start is developing those regions. Making life better for people living inthose areas with infrastucture that allows them to thrive. Once this is in place, I mean reliable water, proper sanitation, good roads and accessibility etc. It can become feasible and more reasonable to expect some level of interest from doctors and nurses ect. Another way to address it is for example what has been done in many parts of the world: first year after medical school, one has to serve in a rural community without exception. This can be accompanied by recruiting people from these areas and ask that they are obligated to serve at least 3 or 5 years post graduation in their communities.

gudo - 29 November 2016

what are the instruments used for the successful implementation of the health policies

Tinashe - 23 April 2019

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